Sublingual Immunotherapy (SLIT)
Allergies are an abnormal response of the immune system to a substance known as an allergen. Allergens are substances to which particular individuals have extreme sensitivity. When a person is exposed to an allergen, the body releases chemicals including histamine, which produce the allergic reaction.
Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) is the oral administration of small doses of the allergen causing the problem which are gradually increased to help the patient develop increased tolerance. Sublingual immunotherapy works to teach the immune system to be more tolerant without triggering an allergic reaction. Some of the most common allergens are pollen, dust mites, mold and animal dander. Sublingual immunotherapy is better than a medication because it works to prevent the problem rather than just treating the side effects. This therapy is done in your own home with no need for weekly visits or shots.
Candidates For Sublingual Immunotherapy
Sublingual immunotherapy is a good option for patients who:
- have persistent allergies
- do not respond well to allergy medications
- want to decrease the number of allergy medications or even discontinue them altogether
- are children that may develop asthma in the future